A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme Regarding Blood Donation and Blood Transfusion on Knowledge Among B.Sc. Nursing 2nd Year Student of Selected Nursing College Bhilai, Durg
Keywords:knowledge of blood donation and blood transfusion, nursing student, structured teaching programme
Human blood is an essential component of human life which is universally recognized as the most precious element that sustains life and there are no substitutes to blood as yet. Blood donation refers to the process of collecting, testing, preparing, and storing blood and blood Components. A blood donation truly is a “gift of life” that a healthy individual can give to others in their community who are sick or injured. We have one life let us make our life more meaningful by donating blood. Blood donation is the mother of all donations. It directly gives life in another human being. It is not only saves one individual but also the entire family of the individual. The first documented human blood transfusion took place in 1818 and today packed red blood cells (PRBC) infusion are a corner stone therapy in modern critical care practice. Blood transfusion is the transfusion of the whole blood or its components such as blood cells or plasma from one person to another person. In 2016, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare reported a donation of 10.9 million units against a requirement of 12 million units. 12.7 million Units were donated in 2020, lower than projected due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Every year India requires about five Crore units of blood, out of which only 2.5 Crore units of blood are available. The incidence of red cell transfusion was 42.88 units per 1000 population per year in both men and women and varied from 12.08 units per 1000 population per year in those less than 41 years old to 245.24 units per 1000 population per year in the group aged more than 65. Objectives: To assess the pretest and post-test knowledge regarding blood donation among B.Sc. nursing 2nd year student. To assess the pre-test and post-test knowledge regarding blood transfusion among B.Sc. nursing 2nd year student. To determine the effectiveness of structured teaching programme regarding blood donation on post-test knowledge among B.Sc. nursing 2nd year student. To determine the effectiveness of structured teaching programme regarding blood transfusion on post–test knowledge among B.Sc. nursing 2nd year student. To find association between pretest knowledge regarding blood donation and selected demographic variables among B.Sc. nursing 2nd year student. To find association between pretest knowledge regarding blood transfusion and selected demographic variables among BSc nursing 2nd year student. Material and Methods: The research approach used was an experimental approach, and the research design of the study was pre-experimental one group pre-test, post-test research design. The non-probability convenient sampling techniques was used to select 60 nursing students from P.G. College of Nursing Bhilai, Durg (C.G). The variables under the study are independent and dependent variables. Independent variables is structured teaching programme regarding blood donation and blood transfusion and dependent variables is knowledge of nursing student regarding blood donation and blood transfusion. A self -structured questionnaire was prepared to assess knowledge regarding blood donation and blood transfusion. Reliability of the tool was 0.98. The data obtained were analyzed and interpreted in terms of objective and hypothesis. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis, the level of significance was at 0.05. Results: Major findings of these studies are out of 60 sample, in relation overall analysis related to pre-test and post-test knowledge score regarding blood donation among B.Sc. nursing second year students. In post-test, majority 52 (86.66%) subjects had excellent knowledge, 8(13.33%) had very good knowledge and none had poor and average knowledge regarding blood donation. Analysis related to pre-test and post-test knowledge score regarding blood transfusion among B.Sc. Nursing second year students. In Post-test, majority of subjects 43 (71.67%) had excellent knowledge, 17(28.33%) had good knowledge.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Vandana Tandi, Abhilekha Biswal, G. Hemavati, Sreemini Pillai
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